Criterion-Related Validity of Statistical Operationalizations of Group General Cognitive Ability as a Function of Task Type: Comparing the Mean, Maximum, and Minimum1 Academic Article uri icon


  • The objective of the present study was to investigate the comparative criterion-related validity of different statistical operationalizations of group general cognitive ability (i.e., mean, maximum, and minimum) as a function of task type based on Steiner's (1966, 1972) task typology. In contrast to recent investigations, we hypothesized that, regardless of task type, the mean of group members' general cognitive ability would predict group performance as well as or better than other statistical operationalizations of group general cognitive ability. We conducted a laboratory study where 157 four-person groups worked on 4 tasks that conformed to Steiner's typology (additive, compensatory, conjunctive, and disjunctive). The results indicate that the mean was the strongest predictor of group performance across all 4 task types and, in particular, was significantly stronger than the maximum and minimum on both the disjunctive and conjunctive tasks.

published proceedings

  • Journal of Applied Social Psychology

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Day, E. A., Arthur, W., Miyashiro, B., Edwards, B. D., Tubre, T. C., & Tubre, A. H

citation count

  • 42

complete list of authors

  • Day, Eric Anthony||Arthur, Winfred||Miyashiro, Bruce||Edwards, Bryan D||Tubre, Travis C||Tubre, Amber Hanson

publication date

  • July 2004