Convergence of self-report and archival crash involvement data: a two-year longitudinal follow-up.
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This study constructively extends Arthur et al. (2001) by assessing the convergence of self-report and archival motor vehicle crash involvement and moving violations data in a 2-year longitudinal follow-up. The relationships among these criteria, conscientiousness, and driving speed were also assessed using both predictive and postdictive criterion-related validation designs. Data were collected from a 2-year follow-up sample of 334 participants. Results suggested a lack of convergence between self-report and archival data at both Time 1 and Time 2. In addition, the predictor/criterion relationships varied across research design and data source. An actual application of our findings is that the interpretation of relationships between specified predictors and crash involvement and moving violations must be made within the context of the criterion-related validation design and criterion data source. Specifically, predictive designs may produce results different from those of postdictive designs (which are more commonly used). Furthermore, self-report data appear to include a broader range of incidents (more crashes and tickets), and thus researchers should consider using self-report data when they are interested in including lower threshold crashes and tickets that may not be reported on state records (e.g., because of the completion of a defensive driving course).
author list (cited authors)
Arthur, W., Bell, S. T., Edwards, B. D., Day, E. A., Tubre, T. C., & Tubre, A. H
complete list of authors
Arthur, Winfred||Bell, Suzanne T||Edwards, Bryan D||Day, Eric Anthony||Tubre, Travis C||Tubre, Amber H