Differential expression and localization of dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1) fragments in mouse submandibular glands
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It has been demonstrated that dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1) is an essential regulator in the formation of bone and tooth. In addition to the mineralized tissues, DMP1 is also expressed in the non-mineralized tissues such as kidney, brain and salivary glands. Some studies have shown that the expression of DMP1 is significantly elevated in cancerous glands, while details about the expression and localization patterns of DMP1 in these glandular tissues still remain largely unknown. In this study, with multiple approaches, we systematically analyzed the expression and localization of DMP1 in mouse submandibular glands (SMGs). The results showed that although DMP1 was expressed in both female and male mouse SMGs, the mRNA levels of DMP1 in male mice were higher than those in female mice after the appearance of granular convoluted tubule (GCT). In mouse SMGs, DMP1 was primarily present as the 46 kDa C-terminal fragment and the 37 kDa N-terminal fragment. The C-terminal fragment was mainly localized in the nuclei of acinar and ductal cells, while the N-terminal fragment was restricted to the cytoplasm of ductal cells. This study showed the expression of DMP1 in the GCT of male mice, a novel finding different from the result of previous reports. Collectively, the differential localization patterns of DMP1 fragments indicate that different forms of DMP1 may play distinct roles in the SMGs.
author list (cited authors)
Li, C., Xie, X., Wang, X., Sun, Y., Liu, P., Chen, L. i., & Qin, C.