A Qualitative Case Study Examining Intervention Tailoring for Minorities
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OBJECTIVES: To explore issues of intervention tailoring for ethnic minorities based on information and experiences shared by researchers affiliated with the Health Maintenance Consortium (HMC). METHODS: A qualitative case study methodology was used with the administration of a survey (n = 17 principal investigators) and follow-up telephone interviews. Descriptive and content analyses were conducted, and a synthesis of the findings was developed. RESULTS: A majority of the HMC projects used individual tailoring strategies regardless of the ethnic background of participants. Follow-up interview findings indicated that key considerations in the process of intervention tailoring for minorities included formative research; individually oriented adaptations; and intervention components that were congruent with participants' demographics, cultural norms, and social context. CONCLUSIONS: Future research should examine the extent to which culturally tailoring long-term maintenance interventions for ethnic minorities is efficacious and should be pursued as an effective methodology to reduce health disparities.
author list (cited authors)
Mier, N., Ory, M. G., Toobert, D. J., Smith, M. L., Osuna, D., McKay, J. R., ... Rimer, B. K.