Personal and cultural influences on diabetes self-care behaviors among older Hispanics born in the U.S. and Mexico. Academic Article uri icon


  • Older Hispanics are disproportionately affected by diabetes, but little is known about predictors of diabetes self-care among this group. This study compared the magnitude of three self-care behaviors (diet, physical activity (PA), and glucose monitoring) among older Hispanics with type 2 diabetes born in the United States (n = 59) to those born in Mexico (n = 179), and investigated the influence of personal and health indicators on each self-care behavior. Findings were based on data drawn from convenience sample data collected with a questionnaire. Self-care behaviors were moderately practiced (39.5-45.8 %) with no significant differences by nativity. Mexico-born seniors were less linguistically acculturated (P < 0.001). Being female (OR = 2.41) and PA levels (OR = 2.62) were significantly associated with diet. Being female (OR = 3.24), more educated (OR = 3.73), U.S.-born (OR = 2.84), and receiving diabetes education (OR = 3.67) were associated with PA. Diabetes education (OR = 2.41) was associated with glucose monitoring. Although acculturation influenced only PA and no other behaviors, personal and cultural factors require further investigation to design diabetes management strategies for Hispanic seniors at the border region.

published proceedings

  • J Immigr Minor Health

altmetric score

  • 1.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Mier, N., Smith, M. L., Carrillo-Zuniga, G., Wang, X., Garza, N., & Ory, M. G.

citation count

  • 8

complete list of authors

  • Mier, Nelda||Smith, Matthew Lee||Carrillo-Zuniga, Genny||Wang, Xiaohui||Garza, Norma||Ory, Marcia G

publication date

  • December 2012