The alpha2-adrenergic receptor agonist UK 14,304 inhibits secretin-stimulated ductal secretion by downregulation of the cAMP system in bile duct-ligated rats. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Secretin stimulates ductal secretion by activation of cAMP --> PKA --> CFTR --> Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchanger in cholangiocytes. We evaluated the expression of alpha(2A)-, alpha(2B)-, and alpha(2C)-adrenergic receptors in cholangiocytes and the effects of the selective alpha(2)-adrenergic agonist UK 14,304, on basal and secretin-stimulated ductal secretion. In normal rats, we evaluated the effect of UK 14,304 on bile and bicarbonate secretion. In bile duct-ligated (BDL) rats, we evaluated the effect of UK 14,304 on basal and secretin-stimulated 1) bile and bicarbonate secretion; 2) duct secretion in intrahepatic bile duct units (IBDU) in the absence or presence of 5-(N-ethyl-N-isopropyl)amiloride (EIPA), an inhibitor of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger isoform NHE3; and 3) cAMP levels, PKA activity, Cl(-) efflux, and Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchanger activity in purified cholangiocytes. alpha(2)-Adrenergic receptors were expressed by all cholangiocytes in normal and BDL liver sections. UK 14,304 did not change bile and bicarbonate secretion of normal rats. In BDL rats, UK 14,304 inhibited secretin-stimulated 1) bile and bicarbonate secretion, 2) expansion of IBDU luminal spaces, and 3) cAMP levels, PKA activity, Cl(-) efflux, and Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchanger activity in cholangiocytes. There was decreased lumen size after removal of secretin in IBDU pretreated with UK 14,304. In IBDU pretreated with EIPA, there was no significant decrease in luminal space after removal of secretin in either the absence or presence of UK 14,304. The inhibitory effect of UK 14,304 on ductal secretion is not mediated by the apical cholangiocyte NHE3. alpha(2)-Adrenergic receptors play a role in counterregulating enhanced ductal secretion associated with cholangiocyte proliferation in chronic cholestatic liver diseases.

published proceedings

  • Am J Physiol Cell Physiol

author list (cited authors)

  • Francis, H., LeSage, G., DeMorrow, S., Alvaro, D., Ueno, Y., Venter, J., ... Alpini, G

citation count

  • 30

complete list of authors

  • Francis, Heather||LeSage, Gene||DeMorrow, Sharon||Alvaro, Domenico||Ueno, Yoshiyuki||Venter, Julie||Glaser, Shannon||Mancino, Maria Grazia||Marucci, Luca||Benedetti, Antonio||Alpini, Gianfranco

publication date

  • October 2007