Rural versus Urban Texas WIC Participants' Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Academic Article uri icon


  • OBJECTIVE: To explore fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption among urban and rural Black Texas WIC participants. METHODS: The study included 673 WIC mothers and their 351 children from the TEXFAN study. T-tests, Pearson chi-squared test, and regressions were performed. RESULTS: Among children, differences were found for fruit consumption but not vegetable. Urban children were offered and consumed a greater variety of F&V. Mothers' F&V intake was related to age, pregnancy status, and breastfeeding status. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides insight into a subsection of the WIC population. Further research should be done regarding increasing the amount and variety of F&V consumed by WIC women and children.

author list (cited authors)

  • Ettienne-Gittens, R., McKyer, E., Odum, M., Diep, C. S., Li, Y., Girimaji, A., & Murano, P. S.

publication date

  • January 1, 2013 11:11 AM