Microarray analysis of VEGF-C responsive genes in human lymphatic endothelial cells.
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Vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) is considered one of the most important factors influencing lymphatic endothelial cell biology. The goal of this work was to characterize the gene expression response by lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) to VEGF-C. Primary cultures of human microvascular LECs were exposed to 100 ng/mL VEGF-C for 30 minutes and 6 hours, and their lysates were evaluated by microarray analysis to determine changes in mRNA expression induced by VEGF-C. Characteristic of a response to a growth factor stimulus, the largest number of differentially expressed genes were transcription factors and cell cycle related. A number of genes known to be important in angiogenesis, tumorigenesis and tumor invasion, and the transport of proteins, solutes, and lipids were also affected. Interestingly, a number of genes related to lipid metabolism as well as neurogenesis and neurodegeneration were also responsive to VEGF-C stimulation. Further analysis of these genes may not only provide insight into the molecular mechanisms underlying lymphangiogenesis and associated pathogenesis, but may also identify other important roles of VEGF-C.
author list (cited authors)
Yong, C., Bridenbaugh, E. A., Zawieja, D. C., & Swartz, M. A.
complete list of authors
Yong, Carolyn||Bridenbaugh, Eric A||Zawieja, David C||Swartz, Melody A