Distinct sequence determinants direct intracellular sorting and modification of a yeast vacuolar protease.
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We have mapped a sequence determinant in the vacuolar glycoprotein carboxypeptidase Y (CPY) that directs intracellular sorting of this enzyme. Through the study of hybrid proteins, consisting of amino-terminal segments of CPY fused to the secretory enzyme invertase, we have found that the N-terminal 50 amino acids of CPY are sufficient to direct delivery of a CPY-Inv hybrid protein to the yeast vacuole. Our data suggest that this 50 amino acid segment of CPY contains two distinct functional domains; an N-terminal signal peptide followed by a segment of 30 amino acids that contains the vacuolar sorting signal. Deletion of this putative vacuole sorting signal from an otherwise wild-type CPY protein leads to missorting of CPY. Furthermore, examination of the Asn-linked oligosaccharides present on CPY and CPY-Inv hybrid proteins suggests that an additional determinant in CPY specifies the extent to which these proteins are glycosylated in the Golgi complex.
author list (cited authors)
Johnson, L. M., Bankaitis, V. A., & Emr, S. D.
complete list of authors
Johnson, LM||Bankaitis, VA||Emr, SD