A current review of U.S. beef flavor I: Measuring beef flavor. Academic Article uri icon


  • Historically, consumer acceptance of beef was determined by tenderness. Developments in genetics and management over the last couple of decades have improved tenderness to the point that it is secondary to other factors in beef's taste. Flavor, however, is an extraordinarily complex taste attribute dependent on biological sensors in the mouth, sinus cavity, and jaws. The culinary industry has recently focused on innovative ways to give consumers new products satisfying their curiosity about different foods, especially proteins. Competition from plant-based, cell-based, and even other animal-based proteins provides diversity in consumers' ability to select a protein that satisfies their desire to include unique products in their diet. Consequently, the beef industry has focused on flavor for the last 10 to 15years to determine whether it can provide the guardrails for beef consumption in the future. The U.S. beef industry formed a Flavor Working Group in 2012 composed of the authors listed here to investigate new and innovative ways to manage and measure beef flavor. The results of this working group have resulted in dozens of papers, presentations, abstracts, and symposia. The objective of this manuscript is to summarize the research developed by this working group and by others worldwide that have investigated methodologies that measure beef flavor. This paper will describe the strengths of the research in beef flavor measurement and point out future needs that might be identified as technology advances.

published proceedings

  • Meat Sci

author list (cited authors)

  • Kerth, C. R., Legako, J. F., Woerner, D. R., Brooks, J. C., Lancaster, J. M., O'Quinn, T. G., Nair, M., & Miller, R. K.

complete list of authors

  • Kerth, Chris R||Legako, Jerrad F||Woerner, Dale R||Brooks, J Chance||Lancaster, Jessica M||O'Quinn, Travis G||Nair, Mahesh||Miller, Rhonda K

publication date

  • January 2024