3D Printed Electronic Skin for Strain, Pressure and Temperature Sensing Academic Article uri icon


  • AbstractElectronic skin (Eskin) that can mimic the flexibility and stretchability of human skin with sensing capabilities, holds transformative potential in robotics, wearable technology, and healthcare. However, developing Eskin poses significant challenges such as creating durable materials with skinlike flexibility, integrating biosensing abilities, and using advanced fabrication techniques for wearable or implantable applications. To overcome these hurdles, a 3Dprinted electronic skin utilizing a novel class of nanoengineered hydrogels with tunable electronic and thermal biosensing capabilities is fabricated. This methodology takes advantage of the shearthinning behavior in hydrogel precursors, allowing to construct intricate 2D and 3D electronic structures. The elasticity of skin using triple crosslinking in a robust fungal exopolysaccharide, and pullulan is simulated, while defectrich 2D molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanoassemblies ensure high electrical conductivity. The addition of polydopamine nanoparticles enhances adhesion to wet tissue. The hydrogel exhibits outstanding flexibility, stretchability, adhesion, moldability, and electrical conductivity. A distinctive feature of this technology is the precise detection of dynamic changes in strain, pressure, and temperature. As a human motion tracker, phonatoryrecognition platform, flexible touchpad, and thermometer, this technology represents a breakthrough in flexible wearable skins and holds transformative potential for the future of robotics and humanmachine interfaces.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Roy, S., Deo, K. A., Lee, H. P., Soukar, J., Namkoong, M., Tian, L., Jaiswal, A., & Gaharwar, A. K.

complete list of authors

  • Roy, Shounak||Deo, Kaivalya A||Lee, Hung Pang||Soukar, John||Namkoong, Myeong||Tian, Limei||Jaiswal, Amit||Gaharwar, Akhilesh K

publication date

  • 2024