Spatial and temporal control of lysis by the lambda holin. Academic Article uri icon


  • In this study, we use fluorescent video microscopy to track -green fluorescent protein (GFP)-labeled holin in the minutes prior to phage lysis. Our work contextualizes prior genetic and biochemical data, showing when hole formation starts and where holin oligomers form in relation to the site of lytic rupture. Furthermore, prior work showed that the morphology of lambda-infected cells is characterized by an explosive event starting at the cell pole; however, the basis for this was not clear. This study shows that holin most often oligomerizes at cell poles and that the site of the oligomerization is spatially correlated with the site of lytic blowout. Therefore, the holin is the key contributor to polar lysis morphology for phage lambda.

published proceedings

  • mBio

author list (cited authors)

  • Cahill, J., Holt, A., Theodore, M., Moreland, R., O'Leary, C., Martin, C., ... Young, R. y.

complete list of authors

  • Cahill, Jesse||Holt, Ashley||Theodore, Matthew||Moreland, Russell||O'Leary, Chandler||Martin, Cody||Bettridge, Kelsey||Xiao, Jie||Young, Ry

editor list (cited editors)

  • Alanio, A.

publication date

  • December 2023

published in