Decreased calretinin expression in cerebellar granule cells in the leaner mouse
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We investigated calretinin expression in cerebellar granule cells of 30-day-old leaner mice to understand possible changes in calcium homeostasis due to the calcium channel mutation that these mice carry. Quantitative in situ hybridization histochemistry showed decreased calretinin mRNA expression in the leaner cerebellum. Immunohistochemical staining also revealed decreased calretinin immunoreactivity in the leaner cerebellum. To exclude the effect of granule cell loss that occurs in the leaner mouse when comparing cerebellar calretinin expression, the number of granule cells per unit area in the cerebellum was compared to the wild-type cerebellum. Granule cell counts per unit area of cerebellum revealed similar numbers of granule cells present in wild-type and leaner mice. Laser capture microdissection (LCM) was employed to obtain an equal number of granule cells from wild-type and leaner mice. Western blot analysis with LCM-procured cerebellar granule cells showed decreased calretinin expression in leaner granule cells. These results indicate that there is an absolute decrease in calretinin expression in leaner granule cells even when granule cell loss is taken into account. Decreased calretinin expression in leaner granule cells may contribute to altered calcium buffering capacity. This alteration could be an adaptive change due to the calcium channel dysfunction, and may result in abnormal neuronal excitability and gene expression.
author list (cited authors)
Nahm, S., Tomlinson, D. J., & Abbott, L. C.