Nonadditive interactive effects of polychlorinated biphenyl congeners in rats: role of the 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin receptor.
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Administration of 3,3',4,4',5,5'-hexa-,3,3',4,4',5-penta-, and 2,3,3'4,4'5-hexa-chlorobiphenyl to immature male Wistar rats caused a thymic atrophy at high dose levels (1.25, 1.0, and 100 mumol/kg, respectively) and induced the hepatic cytochrome P-448 dependent monooxygenases (benzo[a]pyrene hydroxylase and ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase) at both high and low (0.25, 0.01, and 5 mumol/kg, respectively) doses. In contrast, 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (HCBP) (300 mumol/kg) did not elicit any of these effects but elevated hepatic 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) cytosolic receptor protein levels (threefold) as previously reported. The effects of hepatic receptor modulation by 2,2',4,4',5,5'-HCBP (300 mumol/kg) on the enzyme induction activities of 3,3'4,4',5-penta-, 3,3'4,4',5,5'-hexa-, and 2,3,3',4,4',5-hexa-chlorobiphenyl were dose-dependent; no interactive effects were observed at high (toxic) doses of these compounds, whereas apparent synergistically increased hepatic microsomal monooxygenase induction activities were noted at the lower submaximal induction doses. It was concluded that the increased responsiveness of the rats was due to elevated hepatic 2,3,7,8-TCDD receptor levels.
author list (cited authors)
Leece, B., Denomme, M. A., Towner, R., Li, A., Landers, J., & Safe, S.
complete list of authors
Leece, B||Denomme, MA||Towner, R||Li, A||Landers, J||Safe, S