Aroclor 1254 as an antagonist of the teratogenicity of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin.
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Administration of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD, 20 micrograms/kg) to pregnant C57BL/6J mice (on day 10) resulted in 62% fetuses with cleft palate per litter without any observable maternal toxicity. In contrast, Aroclor 1254 administered at a dose of 750 mumol/kg was not teratogenic. Cotreatment of the pregnant mice with both Aroclor 1254 (244 mg/kg) and 2,3,7,8-TCDD (20 micrograms/kg) resulted in an 8.2% incidence of cleft palate per litter. In contrast, Aroclor 1254 did not afford any protection from the teratogenicity of dexamethasone in C57BL/6J mice. Previous studies have shown that Aroclor 1254 can act as a partial antagonist of the microsomal enzyme induction and immunotoxic effects of 2,3,7,8-TCDD in C57BL/6J mice and this paper demonstrates that the commercial polychlorinated biphenyl mixture also antagonizes 2,3,7,8-TCDD-mediated teratogenicity in this strain of mice.
author list (cited authors)
Haake, J. M., Safe, S., Mayura, K., & Phillips, T. D.
complete list of authors
Haake, JM||Safe, S||Mayura, K||Phillips, TD