Induction of 16alpha-/2-hydroxyestrone metabolite ratios in MCF-7 cells by pesticides, carcinogens, and antiestrogens does not predict mammary carcinogens. Academic Article uri icon


  • The effects of several pesticides, mammary carcinogens, and antiestrogens on 17beta-estradiol (E2), 16alpha- and 2-hydroxylase activities, and 16alpha-/2-hydroxyestrone (OHE1) ratios were investigated in MCF-7 cells using a radiometric assay. The mammary carcinogens 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) and benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), respectively, increased and decreased 16alpha-/2-OHE1 ratios at some concentrations. The 16alpha-/2-OHE1 metabolite ratios for 10(-5) M kepone, atrazine, p,p'-DDE, o,p'-DDE, o,p'-DDT, and beta-hexachlorocyclohexane were 1.82 +/- 0.060, 0.71 +/- 0.027, 0.66 +/- 0.030, 1.56 +/- 0.089, 1.14 +/- 0.059, and 0.69 +/- 0.052 (mean +/- standard error), respectively, and did not show any specific trend. The effects of a series of direct and indirect acting antiestrogens on 16alpha-/2-OHE1 metabolite ratios were also investigated, and the results were compound specific. Indole-3-carbinol, tamoxifen, 4'-hydroxytamoxifen, and 9-cis,retinoic acid decreased the ratio; the effects of all trans-retinoic acid and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin were concentration dependent; the antiestrogen ICI 182,780 increased the 16alpha-/2-OHE1 metabolite ratio. The results indicate that in MCF-7 cells treated with pesticides, mammary carcinogens, and antiestrogens, there were both increased and decreased 16alpha-/2-OHE1 metabolite ratios for each class of chemicals and the assay did not predict mammary carcinogens.

published proceedings

  • Environ Health Perspect

altmetric score

  • 24.65

author list (cited authors)

  • McDougal, A., & Safe, S.

citation count

  • 14

complete list of authors

  • McDougal, A||Safe, S

publication date

  • April 1998