Role of SP transcription factors in hormone-dependent modulation of genes in MCF-7 breast cancer cells: microarray and RNA interference studies. Academic Article uri icon


  • 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) binds estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1) in MCF-7 cells and increases cell proliferation and survival through induction or repression of multiple genes. ESR1 interactions with DNA-bound specificity protein (SP) transcription factors is a nonclassical genomic estrogenic pathway and the role of SP transcription factors in mediating hormone-dependent activation or repression of genes in MCF-7 cells was investigated by microarrays and RNA interference. MCF-7 cells were transfected with a nonspecific oligonucleotide or a cocktail of small inhibitory RNAs (iSP), which knockdown SP1, SP3, and SP4 proteins, and treated with dimethylsulfoxide or 10 nM E(2) for 6 h. E(2) induced 62 and repressed 134 genes and the induction or repression was reversed in approximately 62% of the genes in cells transfected with iSP (ESR1/SP dependent), whereas hormonal activation or repression of the remaining genes was unaffected by iSP (SP independent). Analysis of the ESR1/SP-dependent and SP-independent genes showed minimal overlap with respect to the GO terms (functional processes) in genes induced or repressed, suggesting that the different genomic pathways may contribute independently to the hormone-induced phenotype in MCF-7 cells.

published proceedings

  • J Mol Endocrinol

author list (cited authors)

  • Wu, F., Ivanov, I., Xu, R., & Safe, S.

citation count

  • 17

complete list of authors

  • Wu, Fei||Ivanov, Ivan||Xu, Rui||Safe, Stephen

publication date

  • January 2009