Estrogen does not inhibit 2,3,7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin-mediated effects in MCF-7 and Hepa 1c1c7 cells. Academic Article uri icon


  • The estrogen receptor and aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) are coexpressed in several Ah and estrogen-responsive human breast cancer cell lines. However, a recent study reported that 17beta-estradiol (E2) inhibited Ah responsiveness in mouse Hepa 1c1c7 hepatoma cells (Kharat, I., and Saatcioglu, F. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 10533-10537), and therefore, estrogen receptor-AhR cross-talk was reinvestigated in MCF-7 and mouse Hepa 1c1c7 cells. Treatment of MCF-7 or Hepa 1c1c7 cells with 2,3,7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) resulted in induction of CYP1A1-dependent activity and mRNA levels. Treatment of both cell lines with E2 had no effect on basal or TCDD-inducible CYP1A1-dependent activity or mRNA levels. In MCF-7 and Hepa 1c1c7 cells transiently transfected with an Ah-responsive plasmid containing the 5'-regulatory region of the human CYP1A1 gene fused to the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporter gene 10 nM TCDD significantly induced chloramphenicol acetyltransferase activity; in cells cotreated with TCDD plus E2 the induced response was not affected by the hormone. Nuclear extracts from cells treated with dimethyl sulfoxide, E2, TCDD, and TCDD plus E2 were incubated with the [32P]dioxin-responsive element and analyzed by gel electrophoretic mobility shift assays. A retarded band associated with formation of a [32P]dioxin-responsive element-AhR complex was observed in nuclear extracts from cells treated with TCDD or TCDD plus E2 (cotreated). Collectively these studies suggest that E2 does not modulate AhR-mediated CYP1A1 gene expression in MCF-7 or Hepa 1c1c7 cells.

published proceedings

  • J Biol Chem

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Hoivik, D., Willett, K., Wilson, C., & Safe, S.

citation count

  • 56

complete list of authors

  • Hoivik, D||Willett, K||Wilson, C||Safe, S

publication date

  • November 1997