Hypoxia induces proteasome-dependent degradation of estrogen receptor alpha in ZR-75 breast cancer cells.
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Regulation of estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) plays an important role in hormone responsiveness and growth of ER-positive breast cancer cells and tumors. ZR-75 breast cancer cells were grown under conditions of normoxia (21% O(2)) or hypoxia (1% O(2) or cobaltous chloride), and hypoxia significantly increased hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha protein within 3 h after treatment, whereas ERalpha protein levels were dramatically decreased within 6-12 h, and this response was blocked by the proteasome inhibitor MG-132. In contrast, hypoxia induced only minimal decreases in cellular Sp1 protein and did not affect ERalpha mRNA; however, hypoxic conditions decreased basal and 17beta-estradiol-induced pS2 gene expression (mRNA levels) and estrogen response element-dependent reporter gene activity in ZR-75 cells. Although 17beta-estradiol and hypoxia induce proteasome-dependent degradation of ERalpha, their effects on transactivation are different, and this may have implications for clinical treatment of mammary tumors.
author list (cited authors)
Stoner, M., Saville, B., Wormke, M., Dean, D., Burghardt, R., & Safe, S.
complete list of authors
Stoner, Matthew||Saville, Bradley||Wormke, Mark||Dean, Dana||Burghardt, Robert||Safe, Stephen