Mutagenic potential of binary mixtures of nitro-polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and related compounds.
- Additional Document Info
- View All
The mutagenic potential of binary mixtures of nitro-polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and other environmentally related compounds was determined using Salmonella typhimurium strain TA98 in the standard plate incorporation assay. Samples tested included binary mixtures of 4-nitro-4'-chlorobiphenyl with 6-nitro-4,2',3',4',5'-pentachlorobiphenyl, 4-nitrobenzo-p-dioxin with 4-nitro-2,3,8-trichlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, and benzo[a]pyrene with either nitropentachlorobiphenyl or nitrotrichlorodibenzo-p-dioxin. Inhibition was the primary interaction observed for the mixtures of polyhalogenated dioxins or biphenyls with the direct-acting mutagens nitrodibenzo-p-dioxin or nitrochlorobiphenyl. At the highest dose tested, nitrotrichlorodibenzo-p-dioxin inhibited the bacterial mutagenicity of nitrodibenzo-p-dioxin by almost 50%, while pentachlorobiphenyl inhibited the mutagenicity of nitrobiphenyl by 34%. Conversely, synergism was the primary interaction observed for mixtures of halogenated aromatics with the promutagen benzo[a]pyrene. The addition of nitrotrichlorodioxin to benzo[a]pyrene enhanced the mutagenicity of the latter compound by as much as 70%, while the mutagenic potential of a mixture of benzo[a]pyrene and nitropentachlorobiphenyl was approximately 50% greater than the mutagenicity of benzo[a]pyrene alone. In summary, mixtures of nonmutagenic nitropolyhalogenated biphenyls or dibenzo-p-dioxins appear to inhibit the mutagenicity of direct-acting mutagens, while these same compounds seem to enhance the mutagenic potential of the promutagen benzo[a]pyrene.
author list (cited authors)
Donnelly, K. C., Brown, K. W., Estiri, M., Jones, D. H., & Safe, S.
complete list of authors
Donnelly, KC||Brown, KW||Estiri, M||Jones, DH||Safe, S