Descriptive and Network Post-Occupancy Evaluation of the Urban Public Space through Social Media: A Case Study of Bryant Park, NY Academic Article uri icon


  • In modern cities, urban public spaces, such as parks, gardens, plazas, and streets, play a big role in peoples social activities, physical activities, mental health, and overall well-being. However, the traditional post-occupancy evaluation (POE) process for public spaces such as large urban parks is extremely difficult, especially for long-term user experiences through observations, surveys, and interviews. On the other hand, social media has emerged as a major media outlet recording millions of user experiences to the public, which provides opportunities to inform how public space is used and perceived by users. Furthermore, unlike previous research that primarily presented descriptive characters of park programs, our study employs a network model to elucidate the interactive relationships and intensities among reported park elements, human activities, and experiences. This approach enables us to track the sources within the space that impact peoples perceptions, such as weather conditions, food options, and notable landmarks. The utilization of this network model opens avenues for future research to comprehensively investigate the factors shaping peoples perceptions in public open spaces. This study uses Bryant Park as an example and presents a new analytical framework, POSE (post-occupancy social media evaluation), to support long-term POE studies for large public spaces. Methods such as data automation, descriptive statistics, and social network analysis were used. The identification and quantification of meaningful park activities, scenes, and sentiments as well as their relationships will help optimize the design and management of park programs.

published proceedings

  • LAND

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhang, B. o., Song, Y., Liu, D., Zeng, Z., Guo, S., Yang, Q., ... Shen, X.

citation count

  • 4

complete list of authors

  • Zhang, Bo||Song, Yang||Liu, Dingyi||Zeng, Zhongzhong||Guo, Shuying||Yang, Qiuyi||Wen, Yuhan||Wang, Wenji||Shen, Xiwei

publication date

  • 2023


published in