Identification of variants of the SPINK1 gene and their association with pancreatitis in Miniature Schnauzers.
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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the serine protease inhibitor, Kazal type 1 (SPINK1) gene for variants and to determine their possible association with pancreatitis in Miniature Schnauzers. ANIMALS: 39 Miniature Schnauzers with pancreatitis, 25 healthy Miniature Schnauzers, and 23 healthy dogs of other breeds. PROCEDURES: The entire canine SPINK1 gene with its intron-exon boundaries was initially sequenced in 22 Miniature Schnauzers. Then, 2 regions of the gene were sequenced in 65 additional canine DNA samples at the locations of variants identified in the initial sequencing of the entire SPINK1 gene. RESULTS: Analysis of the SPINK1 gene in Miniature Schnauzers revealed 3 closely associated variants in healthy Miniature Schnauzers and Miniature Schnauzers with pancreatitis. These variants consisted of 2 missense mutations in the second exon (N20K and N25T) and a poly T insertion in the third intron that was near the boundary of exon 3 (IVS3+26-27ins(T)33-39,15_61dup11). Pancreatitis was significantly associated with homozygous alleles for these 3 variants in Miniature Schnauzers. In healthy dogs of other breeds, only the 2 exon variants were identified. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Variants of the SPINK1 gene may be associated with the development of pancreatitis in Miniature Schnauzers.
author list (cited authors)
Bishop, M. A., Xenoulis, P. G., Levinski, M. D., Suchodolski, J. S., & Steiner, J. M.
complete list of authors
Bishop, Micah A||Xenoulis, Panagiotis G||Levinski, Melinda D||Suchodolski, Jan S||Steiner, Jörg M