In vitro and in vivo antitumor activities and DNA binding mode of five coordinated cyclometalated organoplatinum(II) complexes containing biphosphine ligands. Academic Article uri icon


  • New complexes [Pt(C()N)Cl(dppa)] (1), and [Pt(C()N)Cl(dppm)] (2), (C()N. deprotonated 2-phenylpyridine; dppa. bis(diphenylphosphino)amine; dppm. bis(diphenylphosphino)methane) were suggested to have pentacoordinated geometry as investigated by NMR and conductometry. Pharmacological effects of 1 and 2 were evaluated for their proteasome-inhibitory and apoptosis-inducing activities under in vitro and in vivo conditions, showing significant proteasome-inhibitory activity against purified 20S proteasome, while 2 demonstrated superior inhibitory activity against cellular 26S proteasome. Consistently, this effect was associated with higher levels of proteasome target proteins and apoptosis induction in breast cancer cells. Importantly, preliminary studies show 1 and 2 were able to exert a similar effect in vivo by inhibiting the growth of breast cancer xenografts in mice, which was associated with proteasome inhibition and apoptosis induction. Interaction of 1 and 2 with herring sperm DNA was investigated by fluorimeteric emission, suggesting that Pt(II)-containing biphosphine complexes with DNA binding capabilities can also target and inhibit the tumor proteasome.

published proceedings

  • J Med Chem

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Frezza, M., Dou, Q. P., Xiao, Y., Samouei, H., Rashidi, M., Samari, F., & Hemmateenejad, B.

citation count

  • 67

complete list of authors

  • Frezza, Michael||Dou, Q Ping||Xiao, Yan||Samouei, Hamidreza||Rashidi, Mehdi||Samari, Fayezeh||Hemmateenejad, Bahram

publication date

  • September 2011