Use of hot water for beef carcass decontamination.
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Hot water treatment of beef carcass surfaces for reduction of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella typhimurium, and various indicator organisms was studied using a model carcass spray cabinet. Paired hot carcass surface regions with different external fat characteristics (inside round, outside round, brisket, flank, and clod) were removed from carcasses immediately after the slaughter and dressing process. All cuts were inoculated with bovine feces containing 10(6)/g each of rifampicin-resistant E. coli O157:H7 and S. typhimurium, or with uninoculated bovine feces. Surfaces then were exposed to a carcass water wash or a water wash followed by hot water spray (95 degrees C). Counts of rifampicin-resistant Salmonella and E. coli or aerobic plate count (APC) and coliform counts were conducted before and after each treatment. All treatments significantly reduced levels of pathogens from the initial inoculation level of 5.0 log(10) CFU/cm2. Treatments including hot water sprays provided mean reductions of initial counts for E. coli O157:H7 and S. typhimurium of 3.7 and 3.8 log, APC reductions of 2.9 log, and coliform and thermotolerant coliform count reductions of 3.3 log. The efficacy of hot water treatments was affected by the carcass surface region, but not by delaying the treatment (30 min) after contaminating the surface. Verification of efficacy of hot water interventions used as critical control points in a hazard analysis critical control point (HACCP) system may be possible using coliform counts.
author list (cited authors)
Castillo, A., Lucia, L. M., Goodson, K. J., Savell, J. W., & Acuff, G. R.
complete list of authors
Castillo, A||Lucia, LM||Goodson, KJ||Savell, JW||Acuff, GR