Dietary modulation of rat colonic cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Malignant transformation of cells is associated with enhanced proliferation and alterations in cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) activity. To investigate the role of PKA in normal colonic cell proliferation, PKA was characterized in rat colonic mucosa. In addition, rats were fed diets containing different fats (corn oil, fish oil) and fibers (pectin, cellulose, fiber free) to elicit varying levels of colonic cell proliferation in order to study this signaling system under normal physiologic conditions. Overall, PKA activities were higher in cytosolic compared to membrane fractions. PKA type II (PKA II) isozyme contributed 89 +/- 1% and 96 +/- 1% of total PKA activity in cytosolic and membrane fractions, respectively. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis revealed the presence of mRNA for both the alpha and beta isoforms of the regulatory subunits of PKA II. PKA activities were 21-33% higher in distal membrane and total distal fractions in rats fed a cellulose/corn oil diet compared to animals consuming the other fiber/fat diets. These effects were seen only in the distal colon, where the number of cells per crypt column was elevated only in animals fed the cellulose/corn oil diet relative to other diets. Diet-induced mitogenic responses did not involve significant changes in the relative activity of PKA I and II isozymes. These data demonstrate that dietary effects on PKA activity in the distal colon may be related to changes in cell differentiation as indicated by the number of cells per crypt column.

published proceedings

  • Biochim Biophys Acta

author list (cited authors)

  • Aukema, H. M., Davidson, L. A., Chang, W. C., Lupton, J. R., Derr, J. N., & Chapkin, R. S.

citation count

  • 4

complete list of authors

  • Aukema, HM||Davidson, LA||Chang, WC||Lupton, JR||Derr, JN||Chapkin, RS

publication date

  • October 1994