Two pine endo-beta-1,4-glucanases are associated with rapidly growing reproductive structures. Academic Article uri icon


  • Two cDNA clones encoding endo-beta-1,4-glucanases (EGases) were isolated from a radiata pine (Pinus radiata) cDNA library prepared from immature female strobili. The cDNAs PrCel1 (inus adiata cellulase ) and PrCel2 encode proteins 509 and 515 amino acids in length, respectively, including putative signal peptides. Both proteins contain domains conserved in plant and bacterial EGases. The proteins PRCEL1 and PRCEL2 showed strong similarity to each other (76% amino acid identity), and higher similarity to TPP18 (73 and 67%, respectively), an EGase cloned from tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) pistils, than to any other reported EGases. Northern-blot analyses indicated that both genes displayed a similar pattern of expression. The only significant difference was in the level of expression. In situ hybridizations were used to demonstrate that, within differentiating pine reproductive structures, PrCel1 expression was greatest in microsporangia in pollen strobili and near the developing ovule in the seed strobili. Expression was also found in vegetative tissues, especially in regions experiencing cell elongation, such as the elongating region of root tips. Both proteins have an ability to degrade carboxymethylcellulose in vitro. Genomic-blot analysis indicated the presence of a family of EGase genes in the radiata pine genome, and that PrCel1 and PrCel2 are transcribed from distinct one-copy genes.

published proceedings

  • Plant Physiol

author list (cited authors)

  • Loopstra, C. A., Mouradov, A., Vivian-Smith, A., Glassick, T. V., Gale, B. V., Southerton, S. G., Marshall, H., & Teasdale, R. D.

citation count

  • 16

complete list of authors

  • Loopstra, CA||Mouradov, A||Vivian-Smith, A||Glassick, TV||Gale, BV||Southerton, SG||Marshall, H||Teasdale, RD

publication date

  • March 1998