Engineering live attenuated vaccines: Old dogs learning new tricks. Academic Article uri icon


  • Autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and type 1 diabetes are increasingly common global problems. Concerns about increases in the prevalence of such diseases and the limited efficacy of conventional treatment regimens necessitates new therapies to address these challenges. Autoimmune disease severity and dysbiosis are interconnected. Although probiotics have been established as a therapy to rebalance the microbiome and suppress autoimmune symptoms, these microbes tend to lack a number of advantageous qualities found in non-commensal bacteria. Through attenuation and genetic manipulation, these non-commensal bacteria have been engineered into recombinant forms that offer malleable platforms capable of addressing the immune imbalances found in RA and T1D. Such bacteria have been engineered to express valuable gene products known to suppress autoimmunity such as anti-inflammatory cytokines, autoantigens, and enzymes synthesizing microbial metabolites. This review will highlight current and emerging trends in the field and discuss how they may be used to prevent and control autoimmune diseases.

published proceedings

  • J Transl Autoimmun

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Plocica, J., Guo, F., Das, J. K., Kobayashi, K. S., Ficht, T. A., Alaniz, R. C., Song, J., & de Figueiredo, P.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Plocica, Julia||Guo, Fengguang||Das, Jugal Kishore||Kobayashi, Koichi S||Ficht, Thomas A||Alaniz, Robert C||Song, Jianxun||de Figueiredo, Paul

publication date

  • January 2023