Synthetic fuels such as Fischer-Tropsch (FT) fuels are of interest as a replacement for aviation, diesel, and other petroleum-based fuels, and the present paper outlines a joint program to study the combustion behavior of FT synthetic fuels. To this end, shock-tube spray and high-recirculation combustion rig experiments are being utilized to study the ignition delay times, formation of soot, and emissions of FT jet fuels. Undiluted shock tube spray experiments were conducted using a recently developed heterogeneous technique wherein the fuel is sprayed directly into the test region of a shock tube. The high recirculation combustion rig is a complete gas turbine system where Syntroleum FT jet fuel was combusted, and soot formation and emission characteristics were observed. Reduction of soot volume fraction and unchanged emissions were observed, in agreement with previous investigations. The fundamental shock tube results were found to be consistent with the observations made in the experimental engine.