Exercise training rescues impaired H2O2-mediated vasodilation in porcine collateral-dependent coronary arterioles through enhanced K+ channel activation. Academic Article uri icon


  • We previously reported that exercise training drives enhanced agonist-stimulated hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) levels and restores endothelium-dependent dilation via an increased reliance on H2O2 in arterioles isolated from ischemic porcine hearts. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that exercise training would correct impaired H2O2-mediated dilation in coronary arterioles isolated from ischemic myocardium through increases in protein kinase G (PKG) and protein kinase A (PKA) activation and subsequent colocalization with sarcolemmal K+ channels. Female adult Yucatan miniature swine were surgically instrumented with an ameroid constrictor around the proximal left circumflex coronary artery, gradually inducing a collateral-dependent vascular bed. Arterioles (125 m) supplied by the left anterior descending artery served as nonoccluded control vessels. Pigs were separated into exercise (treadmill; 5 days/wk for 14 wk) and sedentary groups. Collateral-dependent arterioles isolated from sedentary pigs were significantly less sensitive to H2O2-induced dilation compared with nonoccluded arterioles, whereas exercise training reversed the impaired sensitivity. Large conductance calcium-activated potassium (BKCa) channels and 4AP-sensitive voltage-gated (Kv) channels contributed significantly to dilation in nonoccluded and collateral-dependent arterioles of exercise-trained but not sedentary pigs. Exercise training significantly increased H2O2-stimulated colocalization of BKCa channels and PKA, but not PKG, in smooth muscle cells of collateral-dependent arterioles compared with other treatment groups. Taken together, our studies suggest that with exercise training, nonoccluded and collateral-dependent coronary arterioles better use H2O2 as a vasodilator through increased coupling with BKCa and 4AP-sensitive Kv channels; changes that are mediated in part by enhanced colocalization of PKA with BKCa channels.NEW & NOTEWORTHY The current study reveals that coronary arterioles distal to stenosis display attenuated dilation responses to H2O2 that are restored with endurance exercise training. Enhanced H2O2 dilation after exercise is dependent on Kv and BKCa channels and at least in part on in colocalization of BKCa channel and PKA and independent of PKA dimerization. These findings expand our earlier studies which demonstrated that exercise training drives beneficial adaptive responses of reactive oxygen species in the microvasculature of the ischemic heart.

published proceedings

  • Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol

altmetric score

  • 2.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Johnson, K. A., Jeffery, E., Bray, J. F., Murphy, M. M., & Heaps, C. L.

citation count

  • 1

publication date

  • May 2023