Excitonics: A Set of Gates for Molecular Exciton Processing and Signaling. Academic Article uri icon


  • Regulating energy transfer pathways through materials is a central goal of nanotechnology, as a greater degree of control is crucial for developing sensing, spectroscopy, microscopy, and computing applications. Such control necessitates a toolbox of actuation methods that can direct energy transfer based on user input. Here we introduce a proposal for a molecular exciton gate, analogous to a traditional transistor, for regulating exciton flow in chromophoric systems. The gate may be activated with an input of light or an input flow of excitons. Our proposal relies on excitation migration via the second excited singlet (S2) state of the gate molecule. It exhibits the following features, only a subset of which are present in previous exciton switching schemes: picosecond time scale actuation, amplification/gain behavior, and a lack of molecular rearrangement. We demonstrate that the device can be used to produce universal binary logic or amplification of an exciton current, providing an excitonic platform with several potential uses, including signal processing for microscopy and spectroscopy methods that implement tunable exciton flux.

published proceedings

  • ACS Nano

altmetric score

  • 4.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Sawaya, N., Rappoport, D., Tabor, D. P., & Aspuru-Guzik, A.

citation count

  • 25

complete list of authors

  • Sawaya, Nicolas PD||Rappoport, Dmitrij||Tabor, Daniel P||Aspuru-Guzik, Al├ín

publication date

  • July 2018