Isochoric supercooling cryomicroscopy. Academic Article uri icon


  • We introduce an isochoric (constant-volume) supercooling cryomicroscope (ISCM), enabling the ice-free study of biological systems and biochemical reactions at subzero temperatures at atmospheric pressure absent ice. This technology draws from thermodynamic findings on the behavior of water in isochoric systems at subfreezing temperatures. A description of the design of the ISCM and a demonstration of the stability of the supercooled solution in the ISCM is followed by an illustration of the possible use of the ISCM in the preservation of biological matter research. A comparison was made between the survival of HeLa cells in the University of Wisconsin (UW) solution in the ISCM at +4C under conventional atmospheric conditions and at -5C under isochoric supercooled conditions. Continuous real-time monitoring at cryopreservation temperature via fluorescence microscopy showed that after three days of isochoric supercooling storage, the percentage of compromised cells remained similar to fresh controls, while storage at +4C yielded approximately three times the mortality rate of cells preserved at -5C.

published proceedings

  • Cryobiology

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhao, Y., Lou, L., Lyu, C., Powell-Palm, M. J., & Rubinsky, B.

citation count

  • 1

complete list of authors

  • Zhao, Yuanheng||Lou, Leo||Lyu, Chenang||Powell-Palm, Matthew J||Rubinsky, Boris

publication date

  • June 2022