A Four-Parameter Change-Point Model for Predicting Energy Consumption in Commercial Buildings Academic Article uri icon


  • This paper develops a four-parameter change-point model of energy consumption as a function of dry-bulb temperature, along with accompanying error diagnostics for the model’s parameters. The model is a generalization of the widely used three-parameter, or variable-base degree-day method. The model is applied to data from a case study grocery store, is compared to the three-parameter PRISM CO model of the store data, and is shown to provide a statistically better fit to consumption data below about 15°C. This model appears to be useful for diagnosing unexpected energy use in some buildings and should be useful for determining retrofit energy savings from monitored pre-retrofit and post-retrofit data for the class of buildings whose pre-retrofit consumption is fit by a four-parameter linear change-point model.

author list (cited authors)

  • Ruch, D., & Claridge, D. E.

citation count

  • 38

publication date

  • May 1992