The detailed distributions of heat transfer coefficient and film cooling effectiveness on a gas turbine blade tip were measured using a hue detection based transient liquid crystal technique. Tests were performed on a five-bladed linear cascade with blow down facility. The blade was a 2-dimensional model of a first stage gas turbine rotor blade with a profile of the GE-E3 aircraft gas turbine engine rotor blade. The Reynolds number based on cascade exit velocity and axial chord length was 1.1 106 and the total turning angle of the blade was 97.7. The overall pressure ratio was 1.32 and the inlet and exit Mach number were 0.25 and 0.59, respectively. The turbulence intensity level at the cascade inlet was 9.7%. The blade model was equipped with a single row of film cooling holes at both the tip portion along the camber line and near the tip region of the pressure-side. All measurements were made at the three different tip gap clearances of 1%, 1.5%, and 2.5% of blade span and the three blowing ratios of 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0. Results showed that, in general, heat transfer coefficient and film effectiveness increased with increasing tip gap clearance. As blowing ratio increased, heat transfer coefficient decreased, while film effectiveness increased. Results also showed that adding pressure-side coolant injection would further decrease blade tip heat transfer coefficient but increase film effectiveness.