Practical, asymmetric route to sitagliptin and derivatives: development and origin of diastereoselectivity.
Additional Document Info
The development of a practical and scalable process for the asymmetric synthesis of sitagliptin is reported. Density functional theory calculations reveal that two noncovalent interactions are responsible for the high diastereoselection. The first is an intramolecular hydrogen bond between the enamide NH and the boryl mesylate SO, consistent with MsOH being crucial for high selectivity. The second is a novel C-HF interaction between the aryl C5-fluoride and the methyl of the mesylate ligand.