Film-Cooling Effectiveness on a Gas Turbine Blade Tip Using Pressure Sensitive Paint Conference Paper uri icon

abstract

  • Effects of the presence of squealer, the locations of the film cooling holes, and the tip gap clearance on the film cooling effectiveness were studied and compared to plane tip. The film cooling effectiveness distributions were measured on the blade tip using Pressure Sensitive Paint technique. Air and nitrogen gas were used as the film cooling gases and the oxygen concentration distribution for each case was measured. The film cooling effectiveness information was obtained from the difference of the oxygen concentration between air and nitrogen gas cases by applying the mass transfer analogy. Plane tip and squealer tip blades were used while the film cooling holes were located (a) along the camber line on the tip or (b) along the span of the pressure side. The average blowing ratio of the cooling gas was controlled to be 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0. Tests were conducted in a five-bladed linear cascade with a blow down facility. The free stream Reynolds number, based on the axial chord length and the exit velocity, was 1,100,000 and the inlet and the exit Mach number were 0.25 and 0.59, respectively. Turbulence intensity level at the cascade inlet was 9.7%. All measurements were made at three different tip gap clearances of 1%, 1.5%, and 2.5% of blade span. Results show that the locations of the film cooling holes and the presence of squealer have significant effects on surface static pressure and film-cooling effectiveness.

author list (cited authors)

  • Ahn, J., Mhetras, S., & Han, J.

complete list of authors

  • Ahn, Jaeyong||Mhetras, Shantanu||Han, Je-Chin

publication date

  • January 1, 2004 11:11 AM

publisher