Combined Effect of Free-Stream Turbulence and Unsteady Wake on Heat Transfer Coefficients From a Gas Turbine Blade Academic Article uri icon


  • The combined effect of free-stream turbulence and unsteady wakes on turbine blade surface heat transfer was studied. The experiments used a five-blade linear cascade in a low-speed wind tunnel facility. A turbulence grid and spoked-wheel type wake generator produced the free-stream turbulence and unsteady wakes. The mainstream Reynolds numbers based on the cascade inlet mean velocity and blade chord length were 100,000, 200,000, and 300,000. Results show that the blade time-averaged heat transfer coefficient depends on the mean turbulence intensity, regardless of whether this mean turbulence intensity is from unsteady wake only, turbulence grid only, or a wake and grid combination. The higher mean turbulence promotes earlier boundary layer transition and causes much higher heat transfer coefficients on the suction surface. It also significantly enhances the heat transfer coefficients on the pressure surface. The unsteady wake greatly affects blade heat transfer for low oncoming free-stream turbulence; however, the wake effect diminishes for high oncoming turbulence. The free-stream turbulence also strongly affects blade heat transfer for a low wake passing frequency, but the oncoming turbulence effect diminishes for a high unsteady wake condition.

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhang, L., & Han, J.

publication date

  • January 1, 1995 11:11 AM