Film Cooling Effectiveness Distribution on a Gas Turbine Blade Platform With Inclined Slot Leakage and Discrete Film Hole Flows
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A five-blade, linear cascade is used to experimentally investigate turbine blade platform cooling. A 30 deg inclined slot upstream of the blades is used to model the seal between the stator and rotor and 12 discrete film holes are located on the downstream half of the platform for additional cooling. The film cooling effectiveness is measured on the platform using pressure sensitive paint (PSP). Using PSP it is clear that the film cooling effectiveness on the blade platform is strongly influenced by the platform secondary flow through the passage. Increasing the slot injection rate weakens the secondary flow and provides more uniform film coverage. Increasing the freestream turbulence level was shown to increase film cooling effectiveness on the endwall, as the increased turbulence also weakens the passage vortex. However downstream, near the discrete film cooling holes, the increased turbulence decreases the film cooling effectiveness. Finally, combining upstream slot flow with downstream discrete film holes should be cautiously done to ensure coolant is not wasted by overcooling regions on the platform. Ccopyright © 2008 by ASME.
author list (cited authors)
Wright, L. M., Gao, Z., Yang, H., & Han, J.