Influence of Coolant Density on Turbine Blade Film-Cooling With Axial and Compound Shaped Holes Academic Article uri icon


  • Adiabatic film-cooling effectiveness is examined systematically on a typical high pressure turbine blade by varying three critical flow parameters: coolant blowing ratio, coolant-to-mainstream density ratio, and freestream turbulence intensity. Three coolant density ratios 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 are chosen for this study. The average blowing ration and the turbulence intensity are 1.5% and 10.5%, respectively. Conduction-free pressure sensitive paint (PSP) technique is used to measure film-cooling effectiveness. Foreign gases are used to study the effect of coolant density. Two test blades feature axial angle and 45 deg compound-angle shaped holes on the suction side and pressure side. Both designs have 3 rows of 30 deg radial-angle cylindrical holes around the leading edge region. The inlet and the exit Mach number are 0.27 and 0.44, respectively. Reynolds number based on the exit velocity and blade axial chord length is 750,000. Overall, the compound angle design performs better film coverage that axial angle. Greater coolant-to-mainstream density ratio results in lower coolant-to-mainstream momentum and prevents coolant to lift-off.

author list (cited authors)

  • Liu, K., Yang, S., & Han, J.

publication date

  • January 1, 2014 11:11 AM