Effect of Upstream Wake With Vortex on Turbine Blade Platform Film Cooling With Simulated Stator-Rotor Purge Flow
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Detailed film cooling effectiveness distributions were experimentally obtained on a turbine blade platform within a linear cascade. The film cooling effectiveness distributions were obtained on the platform with upstream disturbances used to simulate the passing vanes. Cylindrical rods, placed upstream of the blades, simulated the wake created by the trailing edge of the stator vanes. The rods were placed at four locations to show how the film cooling effectiveness was affected relative to the vane location. In addition, delta wings were placed upstream of the blades to model the effect of the passage vortex (generated in the vane passage) on the platform film cooling effectiveness. The delta wings create a vortex similar to the passage vortex as it exits the upstream vane passage. The film cooling effectiveness was measured with the delta wings placed at four location, to investigate the effect of the passing vanes. Finally, the delta wings were coupled with the cylindrical rods to examine the combined effect of the upstream wake and passage vortex on the platform film cooling effectiveness. The detailed film cooling effectiveness distributions were obtained using pressure sensitive paint in the five blade linear cascade. An advanced labyrinth seal was placed upstream of the blades to simulate purge flow from a stator-rotor seal. The coolant flow rate varied from 0.5% to 2.0% of the mainstream flow, while the Reynolds number of the mainstream flow remained constant at 3.1×10 5 (based on the inlet velocity and chord length of the blade). The film cooling effectiveness was not significantly affected with the upstream rod. However, the vortex generated by the delta wings had a profound impact on the film cooling effectiveness. The vortex created more turbulent mixing within the blade passage, and the result is reduced film cooling effectiveness through the entire passage. When the vane induced secondary flow is included, the need for additional platform cooling becomes very obvious. © 2009 by ASME.
author list (cited authors)
Wright, L. M., Blake, S. A., Rhee, D., & Han, J.