A numerical study of flow and heat transfer in rotating rectangular channels (AR=4) with 45 deg rib turbulators by Reynolds stress turbulence model Academic Article uri icon


  • Computations were performed to study three-dimensional turbulent flow and heat transfer in stationary and rotating 45 deg ribbed rectangular channels for which experimental heat transfer data were available. The channel aspect ratio (AR) is 4:1, the rib height-to-hydraulic diameter ratio e/Dh is 0.078 and the rib-pitch-to-height ratio P/e is 10. The rotation number and inlet coolant-to-wall density ratios, /, were varied from 0.0 to 0.28 and from 0.122 to 0.40, respectively, while the Reynolds number was fixed at 10,000. Also, two channel orientations (=90deg and 135 deg from the rotation direction) were investigated with focus on the high rotation and high density ratios effects on the heat transfer characteristics of the 135 deg orientation. These results show that, for high rotation and high density ratio, the rotation induced secondary flow overpowered the rib induced secondary flow and thus change significantly the heat transfer characteristics compared to the low rotation low density ratio case. A multi-block Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) method was employed in conjunction with a near-wall second-moment turbulence closure. In the present method, the convective transport equations for momentum, energy, and turbulence quantities are solved in curvilinear, body-fitted coordinates using the finite-analytic method.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Al-Qahtani, M., Chen, H. C., & Han, J. C.

citation count

  • 25

complete list of authors

  • Al-Qahtani, M||Chen, HC||Han, JC

publication date

  • February 2003