Catabolism of the Lipofuscin Cycloretinal by MsP1. Academic Article uri icon


  • Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a debilitating eye disease that tends to affect people over the age of 55. Lipofuscins are autofluorescent, toxic byproducts of the visual cycle thought to contribute toward the progression of the disease. Targeting the accumulation of lipofuscin through catabolism may serve as a method for the early treatment of AMD. Thus, an enzymatic approach capable of degrading lipofuscin, cycloretinal (all-trans retinal dimer), was examined. A peroxidase from the organism Marasmius scorodonius (MsP1) has shown capability of degrading this toxic metabolite into nontoxic byproducts. A catalytic triad within MsP1 (D228, H365, and R388) was identified through multiple-sequence alignment and homology modeling and confirmed by kinetic analysis. MsP1-associated cleavage products were detected by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS), and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MSMS). MsP1 degradation byproducts of cycloretinal show reduced cytotoxicity within cell culture (ARPE-19), demonstrating its potential as a gene therapeutic to alleviate the buildup of lipofuscin within AMD.

published proceedings

  • Biochemistry

altmetric score

  • 2.6

author list (cited authors)

  • Perveen, I., Johnson, B. A., Gowda, V., Foley, B., Okezie, S., O'Brien, M., & Watanabe, C.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Perveen, Irum||Johnson, Brett A||Gowda, Vishruth||Foley, Brendan||Okezie, Stephanie||O'Brien, Mackenzie||Watanabe, Coran MH

publication date

  • November 2022