Ingestion and impacts of water-borne polypropylene microplastics on Daphnia similis. Academic Article uri icon


  • Polypropylene microplastics are the leading contaminant in aquatic environments, although research on their toxicity remains scarce. The proposed research focuses on the harmful consequences of acute exposure to polypropylene microplastics in Daphnia similis. This work converts widely available polypropylene bags into microplastics using xylene. FTIR findings demonstrated the lack of xylene residue in the produced polypropylene microplastic particles, which were spherical and ranged in size from 11.86 to 44.62m (FE-SEM). The results indicate that acute exposure to polypropylene microplastics causes immobility in D. similis. Ingestion of microplastics enhances the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), as shown by biochemical studies. Due to the production of free radicals in D. similis, the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and a non-antioxidant enzyme of reduced glutathione (GSH) and also oxidative stress effects in lipid (lipid peroxidation - LPO), protein (carbonyl protein - CP) were increased. Additionally, the amount of the neurotransmitter enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity was decreased. These findings indicate that the accumulation of polypropylene microplastics in the bodies of filter-feeding organisms should aggravate toxicity in the freshwater environment.

published proceedings

  • Environ Sci Pollut Res Int

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Jeyavani, J., Sibiya, A., Gopi, N., Mahboob, S., Al-Ghanim, K. A., Al-Misned, F., ... Vaseeharan, B.

citation count

  • 7

complete list of authors

  • Jeyavani, Jeyaraj||Sibiya, Ashokkumar||Gopi, Narayanan||Mahboob, Shahid||Al-Ghanim, Khalid A||Al-Misned, Fahad||Ahmed, Zubair||Riaz, Mian Nadeem||Palaniappan, Balasubramanian||Govindarajan, Marimuthu||Vaseeharan, Baskaralingam

publication date

  • January 2023