Mechanistic Role of Jak3 in Obesity-Associated Cognitive Impairments. Academic Article uri icon


  • BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A compromise in intestinal mucosal functions is associated with several chronic inflammatory diseases. Previously, we reported that obese humans have a reduced expression of intestinal Janus kinase-3 (Jak3), a non-receptor tyrosine kinase, and a deficiency of Jak3 in mice led to predisposition to obesity-associated metabolic syndrome. Since meta-analyses show cognitive impairment as co-morbidity of obesity, the present study demonstrates the mechanistic role of Jak3 in obesity associated cognitive impairment. Our data show that high-fat diet (HFD) suppresses Jak3 expression both in intestinal mucosa and in the brain of wild-type mice. METHODOLOGY: Recapitulating these conditions using global (Jak3-KO) and intestinal epithelial cell-specific conditional (IEC-Jak3-KO) mice and using cognitive testing, western analysis, flow cytometry, immunofluorescence microscopy and 16s rRNA sequencing, we demonstrate that HFD-induced Jak3 deficiency is responsible for cognitive impairments in mice, and these are, in part, specifically due to intestinal epithelial deficiency of Jak3. RESULTS: We reveal that Jak3 deficiency leads to gut dysbiosis, compromised TREM-2-functions-mediated activation of microglial cells, increased TLR-4 expression and HIF1--mediated inflammation in the brain. Together, these lead to compromised microglial-functions-mediated increased deposition of -amyloid (A) and hyperphosphorylated Tau (pTau), which are responsible for cognitive impairments. Collectively, these data illustrate how the drivers of obesity promote cognitive impairment and demonstrate the underlying mechanism where HFD-mediated impact on IEC-Jak3 deficiency is responsible for Jak3 deficiency in the brain, reduced microglial TREM2 expression, microglial activation and compromised clearance of A and pTau as the mechanism during obesity-associated cognitive impairments. CONCLUSION: Thus, we not only demonstrate the mechanism of obesity-associated cognitive impairments but also characterize the tissue-specific role of Jak3 in such conditions through mucosal tolerance, gut-brain axis and regulation of microglial functions.

published proceedings

  • Nutrients

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Kumar, P., Mishra, J., & Kumar, N.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • Kumar, Premranjan||Mishra, Jayshree||Kumar, Narendra

publication date

  • January 2022