Emergent Team Coordination: From Fire Emergency Response Practice to a Non-Mimetic Simulation Game Conference Paper uri icon


  • We take the work practices of fire emergency responders as the basis for developing simulations to teach team coordination. We introduce non-mimetic simulation: economic operational environments that represent human-centered components of practice, such as team structures and information flows, without mimicking concrete aspects of an environment. Emergent team coordination phenomena validate the non-mimetic simulation of fire emergency response. We develop non-mimetic simulation principles through a game, focusing engagement on information distribution, roles, and the need for decisive real time action, while omitting concrete aspects. We describe the game design in detail, including rationale for design iterations. We take the non-mimetic simulation game design to participants for a series of play sessions, investigating how forms of information distribution affect game play. Participants coordinate as a team and, although they are not firefighters, begin to work together in ways that substantively reflect firefighting team coordination practice. 2009 ACM.

name of conference

  • Proceedings of the 2009 ACM International Conference on Supporting Group Work

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Toups, Z. O., Kerne, A., Hamilton, W., & Blevins, A.

citation count

  • 17

complete list of authors

  • Toups, Zachary O||Kerne, Andruid||Hamilton, William||Blevins, Alan

editor list (cited editors)

  • Teasley, S. D., Havn, E. C., Prinz, W., & Lutters, W. G.

publication date

  • January 2009