Ral signals through a MAP4 Kinase-p38 MAP kinase cascade in C. elegans cell fate patterning Institutional Repository Document uri icon


  • SummaryC. elegansvulval precursor cell (VPC) fates are patterned by an EGF gradient. High dose EGF induces 1 VPC fate, while lower dose EGF contributes to 2 fate in support of LIN-12/Notch. We previously showed that the EGF 2-promoting signal is mediated by LET-60/Ras switching effectors, from the canonical Raf-MEK-ERK MAP kinase cascade that promotes 1 fate to the non-canonical RalGEF-Ral that promotes 2 fate. Of oncogenic Ras effectors, RalGEF-Ral is by far the least well-understood. We use genetic analysis to identify an effector cascade downstream ofC. elegansRAL-1/Ral, starting with an established Ral binding partner, Exo84 of the exocyst complex. Additionally, RAL-1 signals through GCK-2, a CNH domain-containing MAP4 kinase, and PMK-1/p38 MAP kinase cascade to promote 2 fate. Our study delineates a Ral-dependent developmental signaling cascadein vivo, thus providing the mechanism by which lower EGF dose is transduced.

altmetric score

  • 7.934

author list (cited authors)

  • Shin, H., Kaplan, R., Duong, T., Fakieh, R., & Reiner, D. J.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Shin, Hanna||Kaplan, Rebecca EW||Duong, Tam||Fakieh, Razan||Reiner, David J

Book Title

  • bioRxiv

publication date

  • July 2018