Abstract P145: Renal Inflammation and Injury is Associated with Increased Lymphangiogenesis in Hypertension Academic Article uri icon


  • Hypertension is associated with immune system activation and inflammation. Renal infiltration of both innate and adaptive immune cells contributes to injury, dysfunction, and increased blood pressure. Activated immune cells that exit blood vessels into the interstitium then travel through lymphatic vessels to draining lymph nodes where they signal to other immune cells to increase the immune response. It is unknown how renal lymphatic vessels change in the context of hypertension, immune system activation, inflammation, and injury. We hypothesized that renal macrophage infiltration, inflammation, and injury would significantly increase lymphangiogenesis in various strains of rats. SHR rats that exhibit hypertension and renal injury (SHR-A3 strain) had significantly increased numbers of renal lymphatic vessels at 40 weeks of age compared to WKY controls (total of 3 fields of view: 52 1 vs. 28 1; p<0.05). This was associated with increased renal macrophage infiltration. SHR rats that exhibit hypertension but minimal renal injury (SHR-B2 strain) had significantly less renal lymphatic vessel numbers compared to WKY controls (25 2 vs. 28 1; p<0.05) and normal levels of macrophages. The signals for lymphangiogenesis, VEGF-C and its receptor VEGF-R3, were both increased significantly at the protein level in the kidneys of SHR-A3 rats at 18 weeks but not different in the kidneys of SHR-B2 rats compared to WKY controls. To test whether the increased lymphangiogensis is due to hypertension and/or renal inflammation and injury, we obtained kidneys from Fischer 344 rats that exhibit normal blood pressure but develop renal inflammation and injury as they age. Compared to kidneys from control 4-month old Fischer rats, kidneys from 20-month and 24-month old Fischer rats had significantly increased numbers of lymphatic vessels (32 3 vs. 74 1 vs. 110 6, respectively; p<0.05) and this was also associated with increased macrophage infiltration. Protein levels of VEGF-C and VEGF-R3 were increased significantly in 20-month old Fischer rats compared to 4-month old controls. These data together demonstrate that renal immune cell infiltration, inflammation, and injury increases lymphangiogenesis.

published proceedings

  • Hypertension

author list (cited authors)

  • Kneedler, S. C., Phillips, L., Hudson, K. R., Beckman, K. M., Parrish, A. R., Doris, P. A., & Mitchell, B. M.

citation count

  • 1

complete list of authors

  • Kneedler, Sterling C||Phillips, Lauren||Hudson, Kayla R||Beckman, Katharine M||Parrish, Alan R||Doris, Peter A||Mitchell, Brett M

publication date

  • January 2016