Time restricted feeding decreases renal innate immune cells and blood pressure in hypertensive mice. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • BACKGROUND: Renal innate immune cell accumulation and inflammation are associated with hypertension. Time restricted feeding (TRF) has been reported to decrease inflammation and blood pressure. Whether TRF can decrease blood pressure by decreasing renal innate immune cells in hypertension is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We determined whether TRF can decrease blood pressure in two separate mouse models of hypertension, N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride-induced hypertension (LHTN) and salt-sensitive hypertension (SSHTN). Once hypertension was established after 2days, TRF (12-h food/12-h no food) for 4weeks significantly decreased systolic blood pressure in both LHTN and SSHTN mice despite no differences in the amount of food eaten or body weight between groups. Activated macrophages and dendritic cells in the kidneys of both LHTN and SSHTN mice were decreased significantly in mice that underwent TRF. This was associated with an improvement in kidney function (decreased serum creatinine, decreased fractional excretion of sodium, and increased creatinine clearance) which achieved significance in LHTN mice and trended towards improvement in SSHTN mice. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate that TRF can significantly decrease renal innate immune cells and blood pressure in two mouse models of hypertension.

published proceedings

  • J Hypertens

author list (cited authors)

  • Sims, B. M., Goodlett, B. L., Allbee, M. L., Pickup, E. J., Chiasson, V. L., Arenaz, C. M., ... Mitchell, B. M.

complete list of authors

  • Sims, Braden M||Goodlett, Bethany L||Allbee, Miranda L||Pickup, Emma J||Chiasson, Valorie L||Arenaz, Cristina M||Henley, Marissa R||Navaneethabalakrishnan, Shobana||Mitchell, Brett M

publication date

  • October 2022