Impact of COVID-19 on physical activity: A rapid review.
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BACKGROUND: Physical activity is a commonly prescribed medicine for people with conditions such as obesity and diabetes who are also at increased risk of being hospitalized or severely ill from COVID-19. However, many people are reporting challenges in engaging in a healthy dose of physical activity amid the pandemic. OBJECTIVE: This rapid review synthesizes the current empirical evidence about the impacts of COVID-19 on people's outdoor physical activity and sedentary behavior while highlighting the role of community environments in promoting or hindering physical activity during the pandemic. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted using keywords related to COVID-19: physical activity, mobility, and lifestyle behaviors. Eligibility criteria were peer-reviewed empirical and quantitative studies published in English, addressing COVID-19 and using physical activity and/or sedentary behavior as the study outcomes. RESULTS: Out of 61 eligible studies, the majority (78.3%) were conducted in Asian and European countries, with only four (6.7%) being US studies. The results showed that COVID-19 was linked with significant decreases in mobility, walking, and physical activity, and increases in sedentary activity. A few studies also reported contradicting results including increased uses of parks/trails and increased recreational activity among certain groups of population. CONCLUSIONS: Evidence suggests an overall negative impact of COVID-19 on physical activity, with differential effects across different sub-populations. Significant knowledge gaps are also found in the roles of social and physical attributes that can promote physical activity during pandemics with reduced safety risks.
author list (cited authors)
Park, A. H., Zhong, S., Yang, H., Jeong, J., & Lee, C.
complete list of authors
Park, Amaryllis H||Zhong, Sinan||Yang, Haoyue||Jeong, Jiwoon||Lee, Chanam