HIV-1 Tat and cocaine impact astrocytic energy reservoirs and epigenetic regulation by influencing the LINC01133-hsa-miR-4726-5p-NDUFA9 axis. Academic Article uri icon


  • Clinical research has proven that HIV-positive (HIV+) individuals with cocaine abuse show behavioral and neurocognitive disorders. Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs), such as long ncRNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs), are known to regulate gene expression in the contexts of HIV infection and drug abuse. However, there are no specific lncRNA or miRNA biomarkers associated with HIV-1 Transactivator of transcription protein (Tat) and cocaine coexposure. In thecentral nervous system (CNS), astrocytes are the primary regulators of energy metabolism, and impairment of the astrocyticenergy supply can trigger neurodegeneration. The aim of this study was to uncover the roles of lncRNAs and miRNAs in the regulation of messenger RNA (mRNA) targets affected by HIV infection and cocaine abuse. Integrative bioinformaticsanalysis revealed altered expression of 10 lncRNAs, 10 miRNAs, and 4 mRNA/gene targets in human primary astrocytes treated with cocaine and HIV-1 Tat. Weassessed the alterations in the expression of two miRNAs,hsa-miR-2355 and hsa-miR-4726-5p; four lncRNAs, LINC01133, H19, HHIP-AS1, and NOP14-AS1; and four genes, NDUFA9, KYNU, HKDC1, and LIPG. The results revealed interactions in the LINC01133-hsa-miR-4726-5p-NDUFA9 axis that may eventually help us understand cocaine- and HIV-1 Tat-induced astrocyte dysfunction that may ultimately result in neurodegeneration.

published proceedings

  • Mol Ther Nucleic Acids

author list (cited authors)

  • Doke, M., McLaughlin, J. P., Cai, J. J., Pendyala, G., Kashanchi, F., Khan, M. A., & Samikkannu, T.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • Doke, Mayur||McLaughlin, Jay P||Cai, James J||Pendyala, Gurudutt||Kashanchi, Fatah||Khan, Mansoor A||Samikkannu, Thangavel

publication date

  • September 2022