Student perceptions of non-technical skills development during advanced pharmacy practice experiences. Academic Article uri icon


  • INTRODUCTION: In today's workforce, non-technical skills (NTS) are essential in determining an employee's ability to fit into an organization. However, it is unknown whether pharmacy students consider these skills essential to their future work or believe they are sufficiently trained. Therefore, this study evaluated student perceptions of the value of NTS as a pharmacist and their satisfaction with NTS training. METHODS: A 45-item survey was distributed to 111 fourth-year pharmacy students at Texas A&M College of Pharmacy in March 2019. Given the diverse nature of NTS, this study collected student perceptions about the 2016 Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education Standard 4 Key Elements: self-awareness, leadership, innovation, and professionalism. Results were analyzed utilizing descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Approximately 84% (n=93) of students completed the survey. More students perceived professionalism as an important skill to have, followed by leadership, self-awareness, and innovation. Similar results were shown with students' satisfaction with NTS training. Also, results highlighted that students' satisfaction level with their NTS training and their belief regarding their strengths relied on two factors: the number of advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPEs) where NTS training occurred and the amount of time spent practicing the NTS. CONCLUSION: These data add to the existing literature to support NTS training in experiential pharmacy education. While APPEs should not be the only setting where these skills are practiced in the curriculum, our study's findings may further guide curricular priorities and assessment strategies for NTS in the experiential setting.

published proceedings

  • Curr Pharm Teach Learn

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Diec, S., Patel, P. H., Samuel, N. G., & Hernandez-Munoz, J. J.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • Diec, Sandy||Patel, Pooja H||Samuel, Nephy G||Hernandez-Munoz, Jose J

publication date

  • January 2021